Energy Education Science and Tevhnology Part C: Future Energy Sources
2014 Volum (issues) 6(3&4): 129-142
Turkey’s alternative electricity necessity
A. Hilal Saka*
Sila Science, Trabzon, Turkey
Received: 22 February 2014; accepted: 31 May 2014
Electricity is mainly produced by thermal power plants, consuming coal, lignite, natural gas, fuel oil and geothermal energy, and hydro power plants in Turkey. The main indigenous energy resources are lignite, hydro and biomass. Turkey has no large oil and gas reserves. Turkey has to adopt new long term energy strategies to reduce the share of fossil fuels in the primary energy consumption. Domestic energy consumption accounts for 37% of total energy consumption in Turkey. For these reasons, the development and use of renewable energy sources and technologies are increasingly becoming vital for sustainable economic development of Turkey. The most significant developments in renewable production are observed hydropower and geothermal energy production. Renewable electricity facilities mainly include electricity from biomass, hydropower, geothermal, and wind and solar energy sources. Biomass cogeneration (biocogen) is a promising method for production bioelectricity.
Keywords: Electricity; Renewable electricity; Bioelectricity; Geothermal electricity; Turkey