Fostering students’ understanding in integral calculus through maple activities 303-310 T. S. A. Salleh, E. Zakaria

Energy Education Science and Technology Part B: Social and Educational Studies

2013 Volume (issue) 5(2): 303-310





Fostering students’ understanding in

integral calculus through maple activities


Tuan Salwani Awang Salleh1, Effandi Zakaria2,*


1Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Mathematics Unit, Technical Foundation, Bandar BaruBangi, Selangor 43650, Malaysia

2Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Education, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia





Received: 15 December 2012; accepted: 24 February 2013




     Mathematics is a gateway to engineering technology courses. However, students choosing to enrol in engineering technology courses were found to be underprepared in this subject including integral calculus. Non-proficiency in mathematics affects students’ understanding in other subjects, which will eventually delay the completion of their studies. Therefore, in this study, a new approach of teaching and learning integral calculus was carried out to enhance students’ understanding in this topic. Technology integration was used due to its capability in distributing knowledge to diverse types of students. In order to investigate its effectiveness, a quasi-experimental non-equivalent comparison group design was employed. An achievement test and a questionnaire were used to gather information. The results indicated that the integration of Maple software in the learning of integral calculus was able to enhance students’ understanding but not their metacognitive awareness. Further research is required to explore new possibilities in enhancing not only students’ understanding in integral calculus, but also to enhance their metacognitive awareness in learning.

Keywords: Integral calculus; Engineering technology; Conceptual understanding; Procedural understanding; Metacognitive awareness